শনিবার, সেপ্টেম্বর ১৯, ২০২০
রাজনীতি ডেস্ক
২২ আগস্ট ২০২০
৪:৪৫ অপরাহ্ণ
Political Parties Funding Recent History
Political Parties Funding Recent History

২২ আগস্ট ২০২০ ৪:৪৫ অপরাহ্ণ

Parties seek extra money from the taxpayer but there'll always be tight constraints on this source of funding. the apparent source of massive money is rich donors and corporations. But such donors aren't usually motivated by generosity. they need to ascertain a return. Political parties during a number of nations now accept large donations on the condition that the donor is often identified. Some have also banned donations from abroad. For officials who are tempted to evade rules on party funding the present punishments hardly act as a disincentive. Yves Marie Doublet says, where there are controls on party finance the sanctions are usually toothless. In some countries, punishments are as little as being banned from political office for 2 years.

Scandals erupted throughout Europe. The Elf Aquitaine affair spread from France to Germany when it had been revealed President Mitterrand provided slush funds that were passed onto their allies at the Christian Democratic Union. the previous German CDU Chancellor, Helmut Kohl, escaped prosecution in March 2001 although he accepted $1m in illegal political donations for the CDU when he was in office. Instead, Kohl paid a fine of $142,000 admitting that he had broken the principles on the funding of political parties but rejected accusations that he accepted donations reciprocally for political favors. For receiving dubious funds worth a complete of DM12m the CDU was separately heavily fined some DM 18million. The scandal delivered a blow to Germany's national self-image. not could it's seen as a rustic considered largely freed from ingrained corruption.

In Britain, despite reforms during the mid-1990s, the Labor Government which came to power in 1997 has suffered repeated problems over political donations despite promises of transparency. As early as 1997 Labor faced allegations of sleaze after it had been revealed that one major election donor had later managed to barter with the govt an exception to a replacement law. Bernie Ecclestone, the millionaire head of Formula One Racing, had donated £1million to the party within the run-up to the election. Then Ecclestone had also negotiated with the new government an exemption for Formula One Racing from the banning of tobacco advertising in sport. The Labor government argued that the 2 events were unrelated, though it subsequently returned the cash. Labor continued to be dogged by allegations. The Hinduja brothers, who run their international business mainly from London, are accused of shopping for access to politicians with donations. things were exacerbated when members of the family were questioned by the Indian Police in reference to the Bofors guns for a bribe

Parties seek extra money from the taxpayer but there'll always be tight constraints on this source of funding. the apparent source of massive money is rich donors and corporations. But such donors aren't usually motivated by generosity. they need to ascertain a return. Political parties during a number of nations now accept large donations on the condition that the donor is often identified. Some have also banned donations from abroad. For officials who are tempted to evade rules on party funding the present punishments hardly act as a disincentive. Yves Marie Doublet says, where there are controls on party finance the sanctions are usually toothless. In some countries, punishments are as little as being banned from political office for 2 years.

In Dublin in March 2001 journalists watching from the road saw Liam Lawlor light a bonfire in his back garden to burn confidential financial documents. Mr. Lawlor, a member of eire governing Fianna Fail party, had just spent every week in Mountjoy Prison for refusing to co-operate with the Flood Tribunal. The TD is imagined to be at the center of a huge web of bribery and backhanders involving politicians, councilors, property developers, planners, and accountants going back 20 years.

President Clinton's pardon of sanction buster Marc Rich within the last moments of his administration also caused public and media outrage. Marc Rich's wife Denise Rich had made large donations to Democratic Party funds and for the Clinton library project.

In the USA, concern has focused recently on campaign financing. "Effective political campaigns have always been fuelled by money also as ideas. But in recent years, the value of running for Congress and therefore the Presidency has soared to record heights. for several candidates, raising money is not any longer one important issue, it's the sole issue," says John S Weston, Chairman of the Committee for Economic Development Research and Policy Committee, introducing a press release calling for radical reform of campaign finance laws within the US. during this policy statement, the Trustees of CED makes a robust case for sweeping reforms which will restore trust and balance to the campaign finance system, while protecting the primary amendment rights of candidates and contributors.

In the US the typical candidate for Congress spends $3.8m on their campaign while the typical House of Representatives candidate spends $500,000. Personal wealth is becoming a key requirement for effective candidacy. Of particular concern were 'soft money' donations that are exempted from the Federal Laws on political donations yet are beneficial to candidates. In 1998 the US national party committees raised $201m, a record for a midterm election: The Republicans raised 112% quite in 1994 and therefore the Democrats 89% more. The parties use this money for such activities as party building, candidate-specific issue ads, and voter registration and turnout drives. Much of this money was raised from contributions from individuals or organizations that would afford $100,000 or more.

There are continuing attempts to reform the US system. In March 2001 the Senate began a debate on the overhaul of the state campaign finance laws, with critics likening the present system to a 'money laundering' operation that exchanges cash for influence, while its defenders argued that the prescribed cure would violate free-speech rights and endanger political parties.

Two Senators have proposed a bill to reform the US laws on political donations. At the core of the McCain-Feingold bill may be a ban on unlimited 'soft money' contributions to political parties from corporations, unions, and wealthy individuals. These donations have run from $100,000 upwards and have often been related to pressure on politicians for favors reciprocally.

But it's not all bad news. "Scandinavian countries seem to be doing the simplest, judging by their relative lack of scandals. Strong party loyalty? Do parties make the choice on candidates for office and supply funding for campaigns? Enables countries like Sweden to publicly finance parties and steer beyond scandal. Abuses also are no - existent partially because Scandinavian countries start with a high level of consensus on propriety and a coffee tolerance for corruption. These values carry over into the campaign finance. Yet Scandinavia and Canada almost convince be the exceptions.

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