রবিবার, অক্টোবর ২৫, ২০২০
বিজ্ঞান ও প্রযুক্তি ডেস্ক
১৩ আগস্ট ২০২০
১২:১৫ অপরাহ্ণ
Science As a Media Event
Science As a Media Event

১৩ আগস্ট ২০২০ ১২:১৫ অপরাহ্ণ

One needn't make any extensive surveys of various media to supply evidence for this failure. it's enough to ascertain how sports have managed to realize more coverage in various media over a previous couple of decades vis-a-vis science. One may argue that this is often so because there are always some sports events occurring everywhere the planet which naturally draws the eye of media. But contention here is that scientific activity, the scientific community, and laboratories everywhere the planet also can become what is called 'media events' if enough pains are taken by science communicators to realize this status for science. First and foremost it'll require the utmost cooperation of scientists.

For instance, anniversaries of scientists, institutes, organizations, and societies, including the planet Health Day, etc., are often celebrated; discussions and debates with the concerned scientists organized, and doors of concerned laboratories and organizations thrown hospitable masses and media.

Be that because it may, the intention through this paper is to spotlight the essentials and limitations of science popularisation in order that there appears a fundamental change within the way of watching this subject. Hopefully, it'll cause simpler strategies to popularise science among the masses.

Science writing is an art

Science popularisation is usually done by science- trained persons and professional scientists. it's therefore looked upon more as a scientific activity instead of anything. But science writing is more of art instead of a science. it's scientific only within the sense one should have knowledge domain but all the writing abilities are required to form an honest presentation of science. it's thanks to this lack of emphasis on the art aspect of science popularisation that this field of activity has suffered so far. Those few scientists or science-trained persons who have consciously or unconsciously known the art of science writing and have practiced it have only been successful in popularizing science.

Science may be an act 

The second reason why popular science doesn't stick with the masses is that it's not projected as a person's activity but an activity of scientists who simply believe the look for truth - and zip but the truth! The human side of science is completely neglected altogether popular science presentations. The follies and prejudices of scientists, the emotional life of scientists, the irrational circumstances during which scientific work is usually undertaken and discoveries and inventions made, etc., are very often deliberately not highlighted fearing that it might give a bad name to science and research project. In short, the face of science or research project is usually neglected in popular science presentations. there are therefore a robust got to give science a person's face. it might not only mean adding human stories to popular science presentations but also talking about realities in the research project.

Tip of the iceberg presentation

The third reason why popular science presentations often go wide off the mark and make the audience yawn and choose something else is that the inability of science communicators to differentiate between technical report writing and popular science writing, because of their scientific training or background. they struggle to cram into a well-liked science presentation the maximum amount as they know or determine a few subjects.

Actually, popular science presentations should be just like the tip of the iceberg. It should, however, make one not only conversant in the tip of the iceberg but also conscious of the unseen larger a part of the iceberg floating under the water. In other words, it should reveal little about science but enough to form one to realize the existence of that science with its entire ramification. It should excite one's curiosity enough in order that one would really like to probe further into that science. It shouldn't necessarily tell everything a few sciences but at an equivalent time, it shouldn't miss science.

Some important observations

The author's experience with popularising science over the years has forced him to reach some postulates. they're merely supported experience and intuition. Any research has not been conducted to back them up with facts and figures. In fact, much research is required to prove or disprove them. If just in case they're proved, they will easily be called the 'Laws of Science Popularisation' because despite the simplest of our efforts we've not been ready to popularise science the way we would like among the masses. There must be some hidden laws governing our efforts to popularise science. These postulates are stated as follows:

Postulates of science popularisation

1st: Only those elements of science receive attention during a society, which suits its goals or inspires awe.

2nd: A science communicator tends to impose his or her limited ideas of science, scientists, and research project upon the audience.

3rd: the quantity of space allotted to science in several media of a rustic is that the index of the standard of lifetime of its average citizen.

4th: the standard of science communication or presentation during a country is directly proportional to the standard of science produced in it.

5th: To popularise science is to humanize science.

One can deduce certain things from these postulates. the primary postulate indicates that folks at large read science because it serves their purpose or because the topic is topical, sensational, or controversial or just excites their curiosity. a couple only read science for the sake of data intrinsically. Much research is required to spot those subjects in order that science might be more effectively popularised. as an example, health science and environment interest people at large, astronomy, and space fascinate them, Nobel Laureates, UFOs, etc., are held in awe by them.

The Second postulate is dangerous for science itself. Consciously or unconsciously, the layman imbibes the limited or narrow image of science, scientists, and culture of science from the communicator, whether he be Jacob Bronowski or Medawar. Notions like scientists are mad individuals or research project is yet one more profession are creations of science communicators. that creates a science communicator a really responsible person.

The third and fourth postulates are intuitive relationships between two unrelated things or activities. Further research is required to prove or disprove these two laws by taking data from different countries. However, one must add here that in India we raise a hullabaloo to extend science coverage in our media at the primarily available opportunity but it often involves nothing. Also, while writing a well-liked science article on a topic one often needs the help of a scientist doing research therein very subject. But in India, the scientist of the concerned subject is usually not available for consultation and as a result, our writings lack the required quality, verve, and color.

The fifth, the last but not the smallest amount important postulate, though obvious, reminds us that we must give science a person's face in order that masses aren't scared of it. it's the essential aim of science popularisation.

Christmas tree of science popularisation

The aim of drawing the 'Christmas tree of science popularisation' is as an example the importance of varied media that take science to the masses, though every medium has its own significance and an important role to play in communication. But unless an individual climbs up the tree, as his or her interest in science is aroused or increased - in other words, unless one begins to read newspapers, magazines then books - he or she wouldn't become fully science literate.

Necessarily, the share of individuals reading books would be very small because the top of a Christmas tree indicates. But it's a requirement to understand this tree because the role of any medium shouldn't be underestimated and each medium should tend equal importance simultaneously. as an example, if a student's interest in science is aroused by a science fair or 'Jatha' held within the town, it's to be sustained and maintained by wallpapers, newspapers, and even books; otherwise, one's interest would flag and eventually die. Other supplementing media should be made available to the scholar in sort of public libraries, for instance. So, the Christmas tree of science popularisation must be watered and tended carefully to supply a science-literate society.

Conclusion

According to the postulates forwarded here, there are (as yet unknown) limits to the extent science are often popularised among the masses. it's impossible to possess a totally science-literate society. Moreover, science communicators got to take into consideration the aforementioned aspects about science popularisation for simpler communication of science to the masses.

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