Cricket Between England and Australia Before 1882
Cricket Between England and Australia Before 1882
১১ আগস্ট ২০২০ ৪:০৩ অপরাহ্ণ
Whilst the birth of the Ashes can accurately be dated to 1882, before that date there have been a variety of cricket matches between England and Australia. Although there have been a variety of professional leagues within the north of England, it had been seen by many as an amateur sport played within the main by the upper classes. That said, the first matches were privately funded affairs and, almost like other contests of the time, most matches were against odds.
The first tour of Australia, in 1861-62, was led by Heathfield Harman Stephenson who captained an England team put together by cafe owners Messrs Spiers and Pond. Stephenson was an accomplished all-rounder who could bowl fast-roundarm, he was a right-handed batter and an occasional wicketkeeper. This wasn't the primary time that Stephenson had toured as a cricketer; a few of years previously, he was a member of a 12 man cricket team to tour North America, a far cry from the amount of personnel that tour with teams nowadays.
When the team arrived in Australia, they were surprised by the interest generated. Over 15000 turned up for the primary match in Melbourne, and just like the opposition in North America, England found themselves playing 22 opponents. The Australian team of endowment even inflicted a few defeats on the Britain team.
George Parr was asked to captain a team for an extra tour of Australia and New Zealand in 1864, having captained the team that toured North America some five years previous. George was referred to as "The Lion of the North". He was a right-handed batter who bowled the occasional right-handed underarm. The team returned home unbeaten.
Charles Lawrence, who had toured Australia with HH Stephenson in 1861/62, and had remained there, coached, managed, and played for a successful Aboriginal side that toured England in 1868 with great success, despite losing one among their number with tuberculosis.
What is now considered to be the primary match game between England and Australia was played in 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. once more the tour was privately funded, with the captain, James Lillywhite, and a team of English professionals taking over the Australians in an 11-a-side match, following a grueling tour of the latest Zealand. Australia won the primary match by 45 runs, with their batsman, Charles Bannerman, scoring Test crickets first century. England won the second match, also played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, by four wickets to face the series.
England returned to Australia in 1878. an effort was made to form up the team completely with amateurs but it had been found to be impossible. Two professional cricketers were drafted in from Yorkshire and played the Australians at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in January 1879. Australia won the match, with Fred Spofforth taking 13 wickets for 110 runs.
Lord Harris, who had led the trip, concluded that depending on matches should be outlawed because the players were using it to supplement their incomes. In total, Lord Harris' side played 15 matches on the road, including one in New Zealand - a draw, and one in my - a win. Of the 13 matches in Australia, they lost 3, where, aside from what has become referred to as the Third match game, sides fielded quite 11 players.
The rivalry that has blossomed between Australia and England must not be under-estimated. to know this it's necessary to return to the first matches between the 2 countries.
In the 1880 tour of England, the Australians found it hard to seek out suitable opposition, as doubt had been cast upon their ability. In saying that, the tourists played a complete of 37 matches, including the primary match game between the 2 on English soil. A hastily arranged match in September of that year at the Oval included the three Grace brothers, with WG scoring 152 of Britain's first innings total of 420. Following on, the Australians scored 327 in their second innings, but England won the match by 5 wickets. it had been said that no contest had created such world-wide interest, in which over 44000 people attended the sport over the three days.
In the following year, another privately funded tour to the hemisphere was arranged. This was the foremost ambitious tour so far, including 30 matches in America, Australia, and New Zealand. there have been four matches arranged against a full Australian side. As previously, the tour was blighted by the gambling that Lord Harris had highlighted on a previous tour. Australia won two matches and therefore the other two were drawn; actually, the primarily drawn match in Test history.
In their tour of England in 1882, the Australians played 33 first-class matches and squeezed in another 5 matches on their four-month tour. But the large one as far because the Australians were concerned was the match game against England played at The Oval on 28th- 29th August.
It was here that the Ashes series was born following the 7 run win by Australia against the simplest that England could summon. And it had been Spofforth who took 14 wickets for 90 runs within the match and bowled his last 11 overs for two runs and 4 wickets, who proved to be the destroyer for Australia. An astonished Oval crowd fell silent, struggling to believe that England could possibly have lost to a colony. it had been here that the foundations were laid for a sporting event that captures the imagination of both countries, and can still do so with the Ashes 2013. Following this humiliating defeat, a mock obituary for English cricket was penned by Reginald Shirley Brooks, under the pseudonym "Bloobs", and this appeared on 2nd September 1882 within the Sporting Times thus:-
"In Affectionate Remembrance of English Cricket which died at The Oval on 29th August 1882, Deeply lamented by an outsized circle of sorrowing friends and acquaintances. R.I.P. N.B. The body is going to be cremated and therefore the ashes taken to Australia."
The legend had begun, but the ashes mentioned within the obituary weren't during a little urn as everybody believes.