Automobile Accidents Are Easy to stop Using Modern Technology
Automobile Accidents Are Easy to stop Using Modern Technology
২৪ আগস্ট ২০২০ ১:১৯ অপরাহ্ণ
The Bad News
Worldwide, quite 1,000,000 people are killed by cars per annum. (The numbers are easy to see online.) within the USA alone, auto accidents cost each and each American - man, woman, and child - over a thousand dollars per annum. That's over $150 billion a year. Every 12 minutes, someone dies during a car crash on U.S. roads, and every 10 seconds, someone in America is injured by a car and brought to an emergency department. Every ten seconds!
But that's just the tip of the iceberg. consistent with the National Safety Council of us,
The calculable costs of motor-vehicle crashes are wage and productivity losses, medical expenses, administrative expenses, automobile damage, and employers' uninsured costs. [... ] the prices of these items for every death (not each fatal crash), injury (not each injury crash), and property damage crash were:
Average Economic Cost per Death, Injury, or Crash, 2010
- Death $1,410,000
- Nonfatal Disabling Injury $70,200
- Property Damage Crash (including non-disabling injuries) $8,900
Expressed on a per death basis, the value of all automobile crashes i.e. fatal, nonfatal injury, and property damage was $7,280,000.
Since the number of deaths from car accidents in 2010 was almost 33,000, the entire cost of all of them was over $240 billion. in only one year!
Egads! and Gadzooks! Compare that with death by terrorist attacks and faculty shootings and therefore the like, all of which combined, since the year 1857, have not, within the USA, exceeded 5,000. to place that in perspective, within the same 150-year period over 3,200,000 people were killed by cars within the US alone. That's over 600 times as many as killed by terrorists. it is a mind-bogglingly disproportionate ratio. (Worse still, the US Department of Transportation spends only about $5 billion a year on its safety programs, while the NSA, CIA, and FBI have a combined budget that's almost fourfold as large.)
And that's just the deaths caused by road crashes. Injuries are much more prevalent. There are around 6 million road accidents per annum within the US alone, and around 3 million people are injured by them. The economic cost of all of those, within the sort of cost of treating them and work-hours lost, is incalculable. It could rather be half a trillion dollars per annum . as long as the GDP of us is mere $14 trillion or thereabouts, that involves 3.5% of the whole output of the USA just taking place the drain, year after year.
The Good News
Fortunately, it doesn't need to be in this manner. We already possess the technology to almost eliminate vehicle accidents involving other vehicles and to drastically reduce accidents involving cars on the one hand, and other people on the opposite. All that's needed is to possess the desire to mandate this technology in every auto; and that is not an excessive amount of to invite the interests of safety, because we've already exercised our will to mandate seatbelts and airbags for the precise same reason.
Here's how it could work. GPS systems are ubiquitous and cheap and are installed in just about every new vehicle lately. they're also small: some can even fit into a pocket. Wi-fi is even more ubiquitous and inexpensive: it's built into every computer, tablet and telephone sold today. And both GPS systems and wi-fi are becoming cheaper by the year. to form them work to avoid accidents, all that's needed is software which will take under consideration an object's mass, speed and direction of travel, so on predict exactly where it'll be a couple of seconds (or microseconds) later, if it keeps going the way it's going. Such software is straightforward to write: actually it already exists to enable airline pilots to land airplanes within the worst of weather and with zero visibility. (Of course, we only need to write the software once: the value of developing it, albeit high, are often cover literally billions of cars.) Combine the three - GPS, wi-fi, and therefore the necessary software - into one gadget, then mandate that such a gadget be installed in every road vehicle... and you'd have the essence of an early warning system that would predict and help prevent every road collision. Each such gadget would broadcast its GPS coordinates, via wi-fi, to each other such gadget in its vicinity, and each other such gadget would use its built-in software to work out whether a collision is imminent.
Such systems could first of all alert the driving force, using lights and/or sounds, that a collision is imminent, leaving the driving force to regulate the car and avoid the collision. Any prudent driver will do so, of course, after having been so alerted. However, if the driving force is incapacitated, stupid, or drunk, the system might be designed to automatically slow the car right down to avoid the collision, taking up control from the driving force. Some drivers might not love it, even as many drivers the planet over do not like seatbelts, but if the system were mandatory and tamper-proof, they might haven't any choice. it isn't only for their own good, except for the great of everyone else they might ruin the lives of, so there's ample legal and ethical reason to mandate such a thing.
The cost per vehicle would be minuscule. albeit each such gadget was to cost thousand dollars - and that is pushing it, since GPS systems cost only a few of hundred dollars each - since only 17 million approximately cars are sold within the US per annum, it might mean an annual US expenditure of only $17 billion, which, compared with the $240 billion that road accidents cost the American economy per annum, is next to zilch. In fact, albeit it was mandated that such a gadget be retrofitted to each single vehicle - and since there are about 250 million road vehicles in America today (that includes cars, trucks, and motorcycles, of course) - it might only be a one-time expense that costs just a tad quite a traffic accidents cost the US economy per annum.
But, you'll ask, what about accidents between cars on the one hand, and other people on the other? Such accidents would even be easy to stop if people were to hold GPS transmitters on their persons: transmitters which might inform all vehicles in the vicinity of their location. Such transmitters might be made sufficiently small to hold during a pocket, or maybe embed during a wristwatch; and since they might only amount to a wi-fi equipped GPS, they might be extremely cheap. As a matter of fact, personal GPS locators sold lately - about the dimensions of a cookie - cost but a few hundred dollars, and can surely get even less costly as time goes by. Any car equipped with the gadget proposed here would be ready to take under consideration people carrying such wi-fi-enabled GPS transmitters and avoid hitting them.
As for accidents involving cars and other stationary objects like lamp posts, those are even easier to stop, since the precise GPS coordinates of each lamp post within the world are definitely obtainable from such things as Google Earth. Just program these coordinates into the gadget installed in every car, and Bob's your uncle.
Anyway - you get the purpose. Given the very fact that automobile accidents are listed by the planet Health Organization within the top ten causes of death within the world, and given additionally that the CIA World Factbook gives the planet death rate as 8.37 persons per 1,000, it involves almost 1.23 million people being killed world-wide by automobiles per annum. during a single lifetime (of the Biblical three-score-and-ten years) that might be quite the whole population of Germany - the foremost populous nation in Western Europe. can we actually need all those deaths on our conscience? If not, then don't you think that we should always agitate for the installation of the system recommended above, asap?
My name is Ardeshir Mehta. I'm a Philosopher and Seeker after reality. I'm almost 70 years old, have expertise during a wide selection of subjects, and have written many essays, articles, and books, a number of which may be found at my internet site, [http://ardeshirmehta.com]. My aim in publishing my works is to market knowledge, by making my expertise available as widely as I can. Among my fields of experience in engineering, and during this field, I, alongside my son Cyrus, have conceived the foremost advanced automobile within the world, about which I even have written at one among my sites,