সোমবার, নভেম্বর ৩০, ২০২০
জাতীয় ডেস্ক
২২ আগস্ট ২০২০
৩:১৮ অপরাহ্ণ
Environment and NGOs in Bangladesh
Environment and NGOs in Bangladesh

২২ আগস্ট ২০২০ ৩:১৮ অপরাহ্ণ

By playing a crucial role in the development NGO sector earned its own identity altogether over the planet. In Bangladesh NGOs are working in several sectors - education, skill development training, health and birth control, child and human rights etcetera. Recently, environment, global climate change |temperature change"> global climate change, conservation of nature became areas on interest for an honest number of NGOs in Bangladesh.


Following are the main environment-related activities of some NGOs working in Bangladesh.

Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies

Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) is an independent, non-profit, non-government, policy, research, and implementation institute performing on sustainable development at local, national, regional and global levels. BCAS addresses sustainable development through four interactive themes:

(a) environment-development integration,
(b) good governance and people's participation,
(c) poverty alleviation and sustainable livelihoods, and
(d) economic process and public-private partnership.

-BCAS envisions to market people-centred sustainable development by applying and advancing scientific, technical and native knowledge through research, by developing models, demonstration, policy advocacy and project implementation.

-It is committed to developing southern perspectives, ensure north-south dialogue and environmental justice and access to resources and knowledge for the poor.

Field of Specialization of BCAS

-Natural resource management (land, water, fisheries, forestry, agriculture and biodiversity)
-Enhance the resilience of natural and human systems
-Livelihood analysis, poverty reduction strategy and food security
-Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Social Impact Assessment (SIA)
-Clean technology and pollution management
-Energy (conventional and renewable)
-Environmental education and health
-Public-private partnership
-Global climate change, and the human dimension of worldwide change
-Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)
-Trade, environment and sustainable development

BCAS works on different levels -

Local and grass-roots level
-At the local level, BCAS works with communities through eco-specific participatory management processes. BCAS has established eco-specific research centres in several parts of the country like the Wetlands Research and Training Centre (WRTC) in Chanda Beel within the Modhumati Floodplain to develop natural resources management capability with the active participation of local communities, initiated diffusion of renewable energy technology [solar photovoltaic (generating current or voltage when illuminated)] among the islands dwellers within the River Meghna.

National Level
-At the national level, BCAS has spearheaded and initiated numerous activities, alongside others, including the National Environment Management Action Plan (NEMAP), Sustainable Environment Management Programme (SEMP), National Conservation Strategy (NCS), New Fisheries Management Programmes and Bangladesh State of Environment Report 2001.

-It has also administered several national-level studies on global climate change issues including Vulnerability Assessment for Bangladesh to global climate change and water level Rise.

-It also works closely and administered numerous studies and advisory inputs for the govt, particularly with the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Department of Environment, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Ministry of Energy and natural resource, government and Engineering Department.

-Along with these BCAS has also been involved during a number of collaborative research and initiatives with leading NGOs including BRAC, Grameen Bank, Grameen Shakti, Proshika etc.

Regional Level
-At the regional level, BCAS is that the secretariat for the Climate Action Network South Asia (CANSA) performing on global climate change-related issues. BCAS is that the international wing of Centre for Environment Education (CEE), it's also a member of Regional and International Networking Group (RING) in South Asia. BCAS has undertaken a variety of collaborative research and policy advocacy on sustainable livelihoods, trade and environment, climate change, civil society initiatives on sustainable development and community action, and environmental, socially responsible public-private partnership.

International Level

At the international level, BCAS is involved during a number of collaborative research, policy analysis and advocacy including North-South Dialogue (NSD) on global climate change, Global Compact Initiative under the aegis of UN. BCAS participated altogether the preparatory meetings of UNCED in Rio and WSSD in Johannesburg as an NGO representative, where it also played a key role in giving advice to the govt delegations. BCAS provides secretarial support to Global Forum on Environment and Poverty (GFEP) originated during the World Summit in Rio. As a centre of excellence from the south, BCAS has been involved within the process of formulation and reporting on all Global Environment Outlook (GEO) Reports of UNEP.

BangladeshEnvironmental Lawyers Association (BELA)

-BELA, an advocacy group of lawyers, was established in 1992 with the broad objective of promoting environmental justice and contributing to the event of sound environmental jurisprudence.

-Bangladesh could are known within the world for its rivers, coastal areas, forests, biodiversity and related culture, the country instead has been portrayed as a land of dense population, disasters. This went on mainly thanks to faulty policy priorities and approaches and in fact poor governance that also accounts for non-implementation of environmental laws.

-Its efforts through public interest litigation have truly sensitized the concept of 'environmental justice' within the country that now has special courts to affect environmental offences.

Objectives & Strategies
-The broad objective of BELA is to market environmental justice and contribute towards the event of sound environmental jurisprudence.
The specific objectives of the organization include:
-Undertake studies on and research into the local, national and international regulatory regime on environment
-Undertake legislative advocacy
-Seek judicial or administrative relief to make sure implementation of existing environmental laws
-Resolve environmental disputes through lawsuits, alternative dispute resolution, mediation and other means
-Create greater awareness about environmental laws and issues
-Provide legal assistance and support endeavours for the cover of the environment and associated human rights
-Develop networks with local, national and international groups/bodies/agencies performing on environment
-Develop and the core of environmental activists

-For its contribution within the field of environmental education and awareness, BELA received the Environment Award 2007 from the govt of Bangladesh.

Proshika

-Proshika's one among the main activities is the social forestry programme. it's a scientific intervention to reinforce the plantation, protection and regeneration of the forest resources.

-It also provides disaster relief during national calamities like floods, cyclones, cold spells etc.

-Crop diversification project: it's close cooperation with the Department of Agricultural Extension and RAKAB to implementation of the project.

BRAC
The brace also has two environment-related programmes:

Disasters & global climate change 

The programme seeks to:
- promote better disaster preparation and management
- increase awareness about global climate change and its impact
- undertake research to spot successful risk reduction and coping mechanisms

Water, Sanitation & Hygiene

-To provide communities with access to safe water, Brac undertakes various activities, including the development of a water safety plan, installation of deep tube wells, water quality tests and provision of loans for driven well platform construction. In arsenic and saline-affected areas, we sink deep tube wells, construct ponds and filters and arsenic removal filters and install piped water system systems to supply safe water.

-Brace raises awareness on sanitation issues, which creates community demand for facilities like sanitary latrines.
-Brace installs water system and sanitation facilities to enhance people's health.
-Schools in rural areas either have poor sanitation facilities or none in the least. to deal with this issue, it works with lyceum authorities to supply separate latrines that have adequate water and waste disposal facilities.

Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh

The Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh (WTB) may be a non-profit organization whose aim is to conserve the country's biological diversity.

WTB's activities include:
-Research and monitoring
-Institutional and policy development
-Communication and education
-Wildlife-human conflict mitigation
-Legislation and enforcement 

Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon (BAPA)

Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon may be a common forum of citizens and organizations concerned with the environment of Bangladesh. BAPA, acting as a lobby against any quite an environmental degradation, is trying to make a broad-based citizen's movement for cover and betterment of environment in Bangladesh.

-It organizes seminars, meetings, conferences and workshops to draw attention to general and specific problems in the environment and educate the general public on such issues. It holds rallies and demonstrations to create up public awareness and secure wide participation of individuals on environmental issues.

Objectives

BAPA's objectives are:
1. to prevent the method of further environmental degradation in Bangladesh.
2. To reverse, where possible, the damage that has already been done to the environment.
3. to create up a nationwide, united, civic movement to realize the aims of stopping and reversing environmental degradation in Bangladesh.

Role of NGOs on the environment

Bangladeshis faced with rampant poverty, high population density, recurring natural disasters and a dwindling natural resource base. of these factors make it imperative for the country to integrate all development concerns. The role of NGOs especially those dedicated to environmental causes is crucial towards the top. Role of those NGOs has earned more credibility and commendation as they surely play a task in raising community environment consciousness, promoting the protection and therefore the needs of sustainable development.

Role of NGOs performing on environmental issues in Bangladesh are often synthesized within the following form:
-Programme implementation (social forestry, crop diversification)
-Policy initiation or providing policy inputs (National Environment Management Action Plan)
-Assistance in international negotiation
-Research
-The environmental movement (GM food)
-Watchdog role (ship breaking)
 

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